Second graders continue to build literacy skills and begin to develop as writers. They learn about writing mechanics, sentence structure, and paragraph construction and write longer, more involved stories. In mathematics, problem-solving activities are stressed to promote flexible and organized thinking; students are introduced to algebra, geometry, and basic fractions, among other topics. In social studies, students study New York City as our home town; the city’s neighborhoods present wonderful opportunities to explore diverse cultures and learn history through the lens of immigration. Ethics and character skills continue to be important themes as students consider what it means to be a community. Science emphasizes the process of scientific inquiry: collecting and analyzing data through sorting, classifying, observing, and making hypotheses and predictions. Students also study magnets, simple machines, and the life of trees. An integrated approach to projects involving science, technology, engineering, art, and math (STEAM) begins in second grade as students make packages for seeds. Students work with specialized teachers in library, art, music, drama, health, and physical education.