Character education helps students recognize how specific habits and attitudes lead to a “growth” mindset. The meaning of “grit,” “gratitude,” “curiosity,” and “social intelligence” come up throughout the day as students work through challenges ranging from a difficult math problem or writing assignment to a misunderstanding with a friend, group, or teacher. The health, wellness, and sexuality curriculum addresses topics related to family structure, identity, anatomy, puberty, and personal boundaries. The Lower School community comes together regularly for cultural heritage celebrations that honor the diverse experiences of our students. The nature of communities is explored, starting with the family and the classroom and expanding to the campus, New York City neighborhoods, the history of the United States, and the history and cultures of countries around the globe. Spanish starts in pre-kindergarten; students are introduced to vocabulary, conversation, and the influence of Spanish-speaking cultures in New York City and around the world.